Author: Jimmy Alando
The type of racking system a warehouse has spells the amount of time and money wasted or saved. Payment for a warehouse depends on space occupied and the more items can be stacked, the less expense is incurred. For cost-effective warehousing operation, it is important to make a plan that allows the racking system and the trucks or servicing cranes to work in harmony. Although one cannot really identify the best racking system, there will always be one that will perfectly suit your needs. To help you make the best choice among cantilever racking, selective pallet racking, drive-in pallet racking, double deep pallet racking, narrow aisle racking and pushback racking, here are their different features and their upsides and downsides of using them.
Adjustable pallet racking system.
As the name suggests, this racking system can easily be adjusted to suite the situation. It is made of frames that are clipped to the beams. Each rack can accommodate three to four pallets. More frames and beams can be added to the original should you have more pallets to store. The beam is made stronger by adding support bars and decks made of timber or mesh. There are several advantages in using adjustable pallet racking system. The most important advantage is that it can easily fit in any height or size of warehouse. You can add several racks for it to be taller or remove some so that it fits the distance from floor to roof of the building. If the structure has wide floor space, you can arrange several horizontally. It is easily accessible and easy to assemble. Its width or height can be easily adjusted. If a part is damaged, it can be replaced right away. It can be moved quickly. One setback of adjustable pallet racking system is that the floor needs to stabilized using a chemical treatment so that the rack will remain stable despite the heavy load.
Single position racking system.
This kind of racking system has no beams and can function like a shelf. It is ideal when storing heavy or huge quantities of goods. The stored items are highly accessible and they can be easily removed or picked directly from the pallet. It is easy and quick to stack items as well. Space can be optimized especially when stacking box pallets. The downside is that space may not be used to the fullest and the space utilized may be less than the actual space that can be filled with the items. It means the rack looks full but there are empty spaces within.
High Rack Silo.
This is one racking system in which the walls and roof are fixed, so that the whole thing rack is like a warehouse. It can reach up to 40 meters in height and it is suitable for storing items that have high inputs and outputs. The racking system is operated automatically using a crane. Items are easily and quickly stacked or removed. The racking system can be moved easily because it has a curving feature. There are several advantages in using this type of racks. One is that the height of the storage space can be used fully. There is no need to construct a warehouse anymore, making it economical. The silo is easy and quick to construct. The only downside is that because of its height, only automatic operation is viable.
Mobile Racking System.
This Is a racking storage system that makes use of stacked pallet racking that are placed on motorized stands. There is a rail where the mobile racking can pass through during pick up. This saves space and time and is considered as one of the most cost-effective racking systems.
The advantages of this type of racking system include high savings on space; handling of goods does not require paperwork; and exchanging data between management system of warehouse and radio transmission. In addition, it saves space and time because all items are easily accessible. The automatic process enables operators to stay in their vehicles instead of going out to open aisles. The mobile racking keeps the activities in the warehouse accident-free.
There are several disadvantages though. One is that this kind of racking system would need big capital. Mobile racking moves slowly so it takes longer time to handle pallets.
Pallet Live Storage.
This kind of racking system is upright, which allows creation of a channel where the pallets can move when one is retrieved. A pallet always fills the space vacated by a pallet that was removed, following the principle of first-in first-out storage. This type of racking is ideal for racking systems where the same type of products is stored in huge quantities. Operation is done by a forklift truck.
Its upside is that vacant spaces are automatically filled and space is used efficiently. However, one disadvantage in using it is difficulty in making inventory.
This makes use of racking upright that created a channel. It uses the first in-first out storage principle. When a pallet is loaded, it pushes the pallet in front to the back. When a pallet is removed, the one behind it moves forward to the front. This type of storage is ideal for storing the same type of items.
One advantage of this racking system is the full utilization of space. It is also known for safe loading and unloading activities. It requires very little maintenance or no maintenance at all.
One disadvantage of using it is that it is not compatible with all warehouses. Before deciding to us it for storage, it is important to consult with experts in storage and warehouse systems.
Drive in/Drive through racking.
In this type of storage, several pallets are placed one behind the other. Depositing or retrieval of pallets can be done from top to bottom or bottom to top. Trucks can be driven through the lane to deposit loads or retrieve some. For drive in racking, trucking service is done on only one side so that it follows the last in, first out system. With drive through racking, trucking service is possible from both sides, which means that pallets are deposited on one side while retrieval is done on the other side, following the first in first out principle. There are several advantages in using this type of storage system. It allows optimum use of space and is ideal in storing seasonal goods.
A downside is the fact that because of first in, last out system, it might take time for old products to be replaced with new one. Now that you have an idea regarding racking systems and the advantages and disadvantages of each, you can easily decide on the type of racking system to use for your storage.